Today, living in Cuba, there are about 150 Chinese-born residents, including 114,000 Cubans with mixed heritage. However, in the mid-nineteenth century, 120,000 Chinese laborers lived on the mainland. Abolition efforts from the United States and England required Cuban planters to outsource foreign workers for their growing sugarcane industry. The new Chinese arrivals faced heavy discrimination due to eugenic movements in Latin America. Despite these obstacles, Chinese emigrants integrated themselves into the Afro-Cuban community by integrating African and Asian influences into their food and customs.